The overall goal of the Thematic Network is to understand the ecological shifts in marine productivity and/or economic transformations in fisheries markets that we expect due to climate change, technological developments, and shifts in consumer preferences.
We address this goal through an international, interdisciplinary network focused on a comprehensive view of global interactions in evolving Arctic and sub-Arctic crab fisheries and markets. The network is broadly interdisciplinary and international, consisting of natural resource economists, ecologists, risk perception experts, and other individuals with market and regulatory expertise on crab fisheries. Through this research, we seek a more complete understanding of potential risks and opportunities related to shifting global market conditions for global Arctic and sub-Arctic crabs: the Red King (P. camtschaticus) and Snow crabs (C. opilio) that are widely consumed in Japan and Korea. While the crab markets are themselves important, they also provide an important opportunity to investigate how ecological shifts in marine productivity will interact with other market shifts. With significant increases in sea temperatures and other climatic shifts in the Arctic expected, many species and ecosystems face challenges to their productivity and resilience, creating both risk and opportunity. The crabs present excellent complementary vanguard cases for deeply analyzing these important and uncertain future transitions.
The network will perform academic research at an international level, increasing impact on social sciences, ecology and management. The activities will aim to identify the distribution of changes in benefits and costs among stakeholders. The TN will investigate:
- Crab shifts as preview of climate change impacts to come
- Risk perceptions and preferences of consumers and producers.
Furthermore, the network will reach out to governance organizations, communities and stakeholders engaged in the crab markets.
Current and Planned Activities
- Research Activities to develop research connections and data collection, particularly for questions:
- (1) using differences in climatic and ecological conditions and fishing pressure to investigate compounding effects on crab stocks
- (2) investigating changes in regulations and international agreements regarding IUU fishing for crabs
- (3) understanding the crabs in socio-cultural context, including its use in tourism across regions
Some Network Conference or Seminar Presentations:
- ASSW Session on Arctic Fisheries, March 26, 2021.
- Russian king crab sourcing in the United States and traceability pilot, John Simeone, Neil Aeschliman and John Steinmetz
- Walking a tight line: Management of a new Arctic fishery with spatially differentiated ecological-economic externalities, Linda Fernandez, Brooks A. Kaiser and Melina Kourantidou
- Russian IUU regulation and snow crab fisheries in the Northwestern Pacific: Impacts on Japanese markets, Kanae Tokunaga, Brooks Kaiser and Masashi Yamamoto
- Yamamoto, M; Kaiser, B; and Tokunaga, K. Is good news really good news? Evidence from Japanese fish markets after the nuclear accident. SEBE Department Seminar, SDU, Esbjerg, DK November 22, 2019.
Many of us met at the ICES Shellfish Symposium in early November, 2019. The abstracts are all available here and the presentations are below:
- Kaiser, B., M Kourantidou, D Ahsan, S Bakanev, A Burmeister, G Eckert, L.M. Fernandez, H.P. Hong, A.A. Monsalve, D. Mullowney, A. Nielsen,B.H. Nøstvold, H. Park, E. Poulsen, L. Ravn-Jonsen, C. Siddon, J.H. Sundet, K. Tokunaga, M. Yamamoto (2019). Global Ecological and Economic Connections in Arctic and sub-Arctic Crab Networks. ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
- Fernandez, L.; Kaiser, B.; Kourantidou, M. (2019). Walking a Tight Line: Management of a New Arctic Fishery In the Presence of Spatially Differentiated Ecological-Economic Externalities, ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
- Nøstvold, Bjørg and Voldnes, Gøril (2019). Stock Management-balancing security and innovation. ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
- Mullowney, D. (2019) Managing the Confluence of Climate and Fishing Effects in Snow Crab, ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
- Hvingel, C; Nilssen, EM, Hjelset, AM; Mueter, F; and JH Sundet (2019) Past and future population growth and range expansion of the of the introduced species of red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) off Northern Norway, ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
- Sundet, JH; Tranang (CA), Nilssen, EM; and M Jenssen (2019) Stomach content of the snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) from the Barents Sea, ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
- Sundet, JH; AH Hoel (2019). Sustainability in the management of two important Arctic crabs: the red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) and the snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio). ICES Shellfish Symposium 2019: Resources and Invaders of the North. Tromsø, NO, Nov 6, 2019.
We held a session called "Designing Policies for Fisheries Management in the Arctic" at the North American Association of Fisheries Economists (NAAFE) in Halifax in May, 2019. The abstracts are available here and the presentations are below:
- Kourantidou, M. and A. Skonhoft (2019). Managing a natural asset that is both a value and a pest. Cooperation vs. competition: the Barents Sea Red King Crab. NAAFE 2019, Halifax, NS. May 2019.
- Kourantidou, M. and B. Kaiser (2019). Allocation of research resources for marine invasive species with a commercial value: the Red King Crab in the Barents Sea. NAAFE 2019, Halifax, NS. May 2019.
- Linda Fernandez; Brooks Kaiser; Melina Kourantidou (2019) Walking a tight line: Management of a new Arctic fishery in the presence of spatially differentiated ecological-economic externalities, NAAFE 2019, Halifax, NS. May 2019.
- Kaiser, B and Kourantidou, M (2019) Capital investments in ecosystems for ecological and community resilience, NAAFE 2019, Halifax, NS. May 2019.
- UArctic Congress, Oulu, FI Sep 3-7, 2018, session: Global Ecological and Economic Connections in Arctic and Sub-Arctic Crab Fisheries
- Network Academic Writing Workshop, Fall 2018.
- IIFET 2018, Seattle WA Jul 17-20 - Open Session: Northern fisheries: Adapting to a changing world
- Network Workshop on Global Ecological and Economic Connections in Arctic and Sub-Arctic Crab Fisheries (WKCRABCON), in cooperation with International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES), December 2017, with particular emphasis on the ways in which climate change may affect future productivity of Arctic and sub-Arctic crabs, in the complete contexts of demand and supply interactions that generate broader potential ecological and socio-economic impacts. Read the ICES report here.
- Collaborative research visits by Danish partners with others in Juneau (Spring 2017), Japan and Korea (Summer 2017).
- Kaiser BA, Kourantidou M, Ahsan D, Bakanev S, Burmeister A, Eckert G, Fernandez LM, Hong HP, Monsalve AA, Mullowney D, Nøstvold BH, Park H, Poulsen E, Ravn-Jonsen R, Siddon S, Sundet JH, Tokunaga K, Yamamoto M. Global ecological and economic connections in Arctic and sub-Arctic crab markets. Marine Policy. 2021 May 1;127:104442.
- Kourantidou, M., & Kaiser, B. A. (2021). Allocation of research resources for commercially valuable invasions: Norway's red king crab fishery. Fisheries Research, 237, 105871.
- Bertheussen, B. A., & Nøstvold, B. H. (2021). Sustainability of a first-mover strategy in the emerging Norwegian snow crab industry. Ocean & Coastal Management, 199, 105453.
- Bertheussen, B. A., Nøstvold, B. H., & Ruiken, I. (2020). Fishing for an institution-based first-mover advantage: The Norwegian snow crab case. Ocean & Coastal Management, 194, 105274.
- Voldnes, G., Kvalvik, I., & Nøstvold, B. (2020). Taking care of a highly valuable resource throughout the value chain-Lack of market orientation in red king crab export?. Marine Policy, 117, 103965.
- Daly, B. J., Eckert, G. L., & Long, W. C. (2020). Moulding the ideal crab: implications of phenotypic plasticity for crustacean stock enhancement. ICES Journal of Marine Science.
- Kourantidou, M & Kaiser, BA (2019). Sustainable seafood certifications are inadequate to challenges of ecosystem change, ICES Journal of Marine Science fsy198.
- Kourantidou, M & Kaiser, BA (2018). Research Agendas for Profitable Invasive Species. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy.
- Kaiser, BA, Kourantidou, M, & Fernandez, L (2018). A Case for the Commons: The Snow Crab in the Barents Sea, Journal of Environmental Management 210: 338-348.